ACCOUNTABILITY OF PUBLIC OFFICERS
1. Public office is a public trust. Public officers and
employees must, at all times, be accountable to the people, serve
them with utmost responsibility, integrity, loyalty, and efficiency;
act with patriotism and justice, and lead modest lives.
2. The President, the Vice-President, the Members of the
Supreme Court, the Members of the Constitutional Commissions, and the
Ombudsman may be removed from office on impeachment for, and
conviction of, culpable violation of the Constitution, treason,
bribery, graft and corruption, other high crimes, or betrayal of
public trust. All other public officers and employees may be removed
from office as provided by law, but not by impeachment.
House of Representatives shall have the exclusive power to initiate
all cases of impeachment.
verified complaint for impeachment may be filed by any Member of the
House of Representatives or by any citizen upon a resolution or
endorsement by any Member thereof, which shall be included in the
Order of Business within ten session days, and referred to the
proper Committee within three session days thereafter. The
Committee, after hearing, and by a majority vote of all its Members,
shall submit its report to the House within sixty session days from
such referral, together with the corresponding resolution. The
resolution shall be calendared for consideration by the House within
ten session days from receipt thereof.
vote of at least one-third of all the Members of the House shall be
necessary either to affirm a favorable resolution with the Articles
of Impeachment of the Committee, or override its contrary
resolution. The vote of each Member shall be recorded.
case the verified complaint or resolution of impeachment is filed by
at least one-third of all the Members of the House, the same shall
constitute the Articles of Impeachment, and trial by the Senate
shall forthwith proceed.
impeachment proceedings shall be initiated against the same official
more than once within a period of one year.
Senate shall have the sole power to try and decide all cases of
impeachment. When sitting for that purpose, the Senators shall be on
oath or affirmation. When the President of the Philippines is on
trial, the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court shall preside, but
shall not vote. No person shall be convicted without the concurrence
of two-thirds of all the Members of the Senate.
in cases of impeachment shall not extend further than removal from
office and disqualification to hold any office under the Republic of
the Philippines, but the party convicted shall nevertheless be
liable and subject to prosecution, trial, and punishment, according
Congress shall promulgate its rules on impeachment to effectively
carry out the purpose of this section.